Gaussian Channel Indicator: Key to Identifying Trends and Volatility

Gaussian Channel Indicator: Key to Identifying Trends and Volatility


The Gaussian Channel is an advanced technical indicator that uses statistical principles to determine the upper and lower limits of an asset’s price movements. This indicator is especially valuable for identifying the overall market trend and potential reversal points through the analysis of standard deviations of a moving average.

Theory Behind the Gaussian Channel

The Gaussian Channel is an indicator based on the analysis of the normal distribution of prices around an adaptive moving average. This analysis is based on statistical theory that posits that asset prices, like many other variables in nature and society, tend to follow a normal or Gaussian distribution under certain conditions.

Mathematical Foundation:

The core of the Gaussian Channel indicator is based on the equation of the Gaussian curve, where the mean of the data set (prices in this context) forms the central peak of the curve, and the standard deviations determine the dispersion or “width” of the curve around this mean.

Adaptive Moving Average: 

Calculated as a weighted average of prices over a given period, which adjusts each bar to more significantly reflect the most recent data than the previous ones. This is achieved using coefficients that decay exponentially.

Calculation of Bands:

Upper and Lower Bands: Determined by adding and subtracting, respectively, a multiple of the standard deviation from the calculated adaptive moving average. The standard deviation is a statistical measure that quantifies the variation or dispersion of a set of values.

Standard Deviation Multiplier: This multiplier, often set at 2 for many statistically based channel applications, defines the width of the channel. A multiplier of 2 ensures that approximately 95% of all prices should fall within the channel under a normal distribution.

Significance in Trading:

Trading with the Trend: When the price consistently stays near the upper band, it suggests a strong bullish trend, whereas a price close to the lower band indicates a bearish trend.

Volatility Identification: A widening of the channel reflects an increase in market volatility, while a narrower channel suggests a decrease in volatility.

Thus, the Gaussian Channel not only helps visualize trend and volatility but also provides potential entry and exit points based on the statistic that prices will return to their mean with certain regularity.

Practical Applications

This indicator is useful for traders looking to confirm the current trend or identify potential overbought or oversold conditions in the market. For instance, a price that consistently moves near the upper limit of the channel could indicate a strong bullish trend, while a price approaching the lower limit may suggest a bearish trend.

Indicator Configuration

The Gaussian Channel indicator in ProRealTime allows for adjusting several parameters:

N (Number of Poles): Determines the smoothness of the moving average.

per (Sampling Period): Defines the time window for calculating the average and deviations.

mult (True Range Multiplier): Adjusts the amplitude of the bands around the moving average.

These parameters can be calibrated to suit different trading styles and assets, depending on the nature of price movements and the volatility of the instrument in question.

Implementation in ProRealTime

The code for the Gaussian Channel is developed in ProRealTime’s ProBuilder language, facilitating direct integration into the trading platform.

The complete code is designed to be copied and pasted directly into ProRealTime for immediate use.

If you prefer the code with the configurable variables already set up, you can download the .itf file attached to this post.


The Gaussian Channel indicator offers a robust and mathematically grounded perspective for analyzing financial markets, suitable for both novice traders and experienced technical analysts. Its ability to adapt to market volatility makes it indispensable in any technical trading toolkit.

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Risk disclosure:

No information on this site is investment advice or a solicitation to buy or sell any financial instrument. Past performance is not indicative of future results. Trading may expose you to risk of loss greater than your deposits and is only suitable for experienced investors who have sufficient financial means to bear such risk.

ProRealTime ITF files and other attachments : How to import ITF files into ProRealTime platform?

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  1. kats • 51 days ago #

    Bonsoir, cet indicateur est vraiment très bien avec plusieurs possibilités en coloration .
    Cependant je voudrai pouvoir le mettre 2 fois sur un même graphique en renko mais avec la possibilité pour la seconde version d’avoir un multiple de 10.( le meme x10)
    J’ai beau essayé de changer les variables je n’y parviens pas.
    Est ce Possible et si oui pouvez vous me dire ce qu’il faut modifier dans le code pour y parvenir?
    D’avance merci


  2. roccafragius • 51 days ago #

    Thank you Ivan for your indicators, very very interesting!!!!

  3. kats • 50 days ago #

    Pensez vous pouvoir répondre à ma question posée ci dessus?
    Ce serait vraiment très sympa de votre part car je n’ai pas de grosses compétences en programmation alors je bidouille mais là je coince.
    En fait comme je bosse en renko je suis coincé et ne peux pas utiliser le multi frame de PRT, je dois donc faire des équivalences entre mes graphiques renko 2 et renko8 et donc pour afficher l’indic du renko 8 sur le renko 2 j’ai une delta de x10 .
    J’ai changé pas mal de choses mais rien ne fonctionne, Help!!!!


    • Iván • 49 days ago #

      L’ensemble de l’indicateur est alimenté à partir de la ligne 9 avec la définition de la source. C’est donc là que vous devrez faire les modifications nécessaires.
      Je ne sais pas comment l’indicateur se comporte avec les bougies renko car je ne les utilise pas.

  4. kats • 47 days ago #

    c bon merci j ai trouve ce weekend
    merci de votre reponse

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